Bash Shell 的 OOP 要如何寫?

Linux 的 Bash shell 可以寫簡單的 Shell script, 但是想要用 OOP 來寫的話, 要如何寫?

用 Bash script 寫 OOP 的範例程式可見: http://lab.madscience.nl/oo.sh.txt (備份)


以下程式為上述 Script 整個轉貼於此.

#!/bin/bash

# ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
# OO support functions
# Kludged by Pim van Riezen <pi@madscience.nl>
# ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
DEFCLASS=""
CLASS=""
THIS=0

class() {
DEFCLASS="$1"
eval CLASS_${DEFCLASS}_VARS=""
eval CLASS_${DEFCLASS}_FUNCTIONS=""
}

static() {
return 0
}

func() {
local varname="CLASS_${DEFCLASS}_FUNCTIONS"
eval "$varname=\"\${$varname}$1 \""
}

var() {
local varname="CLASS_${DEFCLASS}_VARS"
eval $varname="\"\${$varname}$1 \""
}

loadvar() {
eval "varlist=\"\$CLASS_${CLASS}_VARS\""
for var in $varlist; do
eval "$var=\"\$INSTANCE_${THIS}_$var\""
done
}

loadfunc() {
eval "funclist=\"\$CLASS_${CLASS}_FUNCTIONS\""
for func in $funclist; do
eval "${func}() { ${CLASS}::${func} \"\$*\"; return \$?; }"
done
}

savevar() {
eval "varlist=\"\$CLASS_${CLASS}_VARS\""
for var in $varlist; do
eval "INSTANCE_${THIS}_$var=\"\$$var\""
done
}

typeof() {
eval echo \$TYPEOF_$1
}

new() {
local
local cvar="$2"
shift
shift
local id=$(uuidgen | tr A-F a-f | sed -e "s/-//g")
eval TYPEOF_${id}=$class
eval $cvar=$id
local funclist
eval "funclist=\"\$CLASS_${class}_FUNCTIONS\""
for func in $funclist; do
eval "${cvar}.${func}() { local t=\$THIS; THIS=$id; local c=\$CLASS; CLASS=$class; loadvar; loadfunc; ${class}::${func} \"\$*\"; rt=\$?; savevar; CLASS=\$c; THIS=\$t; return $rt; }"
done
eval "${cvar}.${class} \"\$*\" || true"
}

# ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Example code
# ---------------------------------------------------------------------------

# class definition
class Storpel
func Storpel
func setName
func setQuality
func print
var name
var quality

# class implementation
Storpel::Storpel() {
setName "$1"
setQuality "$2"
if [ -z "$name" ]; then setName "Generic"; fi
if [ -z "$quality" ]; then setQuality "Normal"; fi
}

Storpel::setName() { name="$1"; }
Storpel::setQuality() { quality="$1"; }
Storpel::print() { echo "$name ($quality)"; }

# usage
new Storpel one "Storpilator 1000" Medium
new Storpel two
new Storpel three

two.setName "Storpilator 2000"
two.setQuality "Strong"

one.print
two.print
three.print

echo ""

echo "one: $one ($(typeof $one))"
echo "two: $two ($(typeof $two))"
echo "three: $three ($(typeof $two))"

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